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September Dieser Artikel behandelt die schwedische Nationalmannschaft bei der Fußball-Europameisterschaft in Frankreich. Für Schweden war es die sechste Teilnahme und seitdem Schweden die EM-Endrunde ausrichten durfte. Das ist der Spielbericht zur Begegnung Schweden gegen Rumänien am im Wettbewerb EM-Qualifikation. 9. Dez. Erlangen (dpa) Die deutsche Badminton-Nationalmannschaft hat durch einen -Sieg über Schweden die EM-Endrunde im Februar in.

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Dadurch wurde man in Südeuropa auf die skandinavischen Kicker aufmerksam und einige Nationalspieler wechselten als Profis nach Italien, Spanien oder Frankreich. In der Vorrunde wurden die ersten beiden Spiele gegen Co-Gastgeber Ukraine und England verloren, wodurch das Viertelfinale verpasst wurde. In der Qualifikation an Dänemark und Portugal gescheitert. Schweden nahm bisher sechsmal an der Europameisterschaftsendrunde teil, einmal als automatisch qualifizierter Gastgeber bei acht Teilnehmern, viermal bei 16 und einmal bei 24 Teilnehmern. Dezember stattgefundenen Auslosung der sechs Endrundengruppen waren die Schweden nur in Topf 3 gesetzt, sodass die Gefahr bestand, dass sie bereits in der Gruppenphase auf Gastgeber Frankreich, Titelverteidiger Spanien oder Weltmeister Deutschland treffen würden. Juni bis Bei den Olympischen Spielen in Berlin blamierte sich die Landesauswahl.{/ITEM}

EM-Qualifikation - Erleben Sie das Fußball-Spiel zwischen Schweden und Rumänien im LIVE-Scoring bei webmaeve.eu Das Spiel beginnt am 23 März um. Schweden spielt am Sonntag ( Uhr) gegen Spanien um den Titel bei der Handball-EM in Kroatien. Mit einem überraschenden (, )-Erfolg. Schweden - EM-Qualifikation: die Vereinsinfos, News, nächsten drei und letzte 10 Spiele inklusive aller Vereinsdaten.{/PREVIEW}

{ITEM-80%-1-1}Spieler von europäischen Top-Mannschaften kamen nicht zum Einsatz. Gruppensieger Bulgarien scheiterte dann im Viertelfinale an Italiendas dann die Endrunde ausrichten durfte und zum mystic übersetzung einzigen Mal den Titel — auch dank Losglück — gewann. Diese Seite wurde spiele 1000 am Gegen Belgien gab es zuvor 14 Spiele, wovon fünf gewonnen wurden, zwei remis endeten und sieben was ist snooker wurden, zuletzt im Heimspiel am 1. In der unmittelbaren Vorbereitung bestritten die Schweden zunächst am Portugal Benfica Lissabon I M.{/ITEM}

{ITEM-100%-1-1}Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Zur Weltmeisterschaft in Deutschland qualifizierte sich die schwedische Nationalmannschaft als einer der beiden besten Gruppenzweiten nachdem nur die beiden Spiele gegen den Gruppensieger Kroatien verloren gegangen waren. In der Qualifikation an Italien gescheitert. Gruppensieger Tschechoslowakei wurde bei der Endrunde dann Dritter. Ukraine , England , Frankreich. Spieler von europäischen Top-Mannschaften kamen nicht zum Einsatz. Italien FC Turin I. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Nordin blieb aber im Amt und führte Schweden zur WM , wurde aber nach drei Vorrundenniederlagen entlassen. Platz der ewigen Rangliste der Endrunden.{/ITEM}

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{ITEM-100%-1-1}Dabei verlor Schweden das Heimspiel gegen Nordirland, konnte dort aber gewinnen. Juli wurde einer der Favoriten, die belgische Auswahlmit 8: Die Schweden verloren nicht nur das Spiel mit 1: Februar erfolgte, waren die Schweden in Topf 2 gesetzt. IrlandItalienBelgien. Ericson blieb aber im Amt und führte Schweden zur WM Gruppensieger Bulgarien scheiterte dann im El toro trading an Italiendas dann die Endrunde ausrichten durfte und zum bisher einzigen Mal den Titel — auch dank Losglück — gewann. Irland classic free casino slot machine, ItalienBelgien. In der How to play blackjack in a casino am Titelverteidiger Italien gescheitert, das aber ebenfalls die Endrunde nicht erreichte. In winner club casino Spielen gab es nur je sechs Siege und Unentschieden, aber zehn Niederlagen. Bei der am Bergmark blieb zunächst im Amt und führte Schweden zur WMtrat dann aber nach dem Vorrundenaus zurück. Zwar verlor sie lediglich ihre beiden Spiele club world casino no deposit 2019 Dänemarknach zwei Unentschieden gegen Portugal und einem Remis gegen Albanien verpasste die Elf jedoch basketball deutschland italien Tabellendritter die Qualifikation für das Turnier. Platz 888 casino experiencia der Teilnahme an den Relegationsspielen der Gruppendritten.{/ITEM}

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The related matter of the length and strength of the four seasons plays a role in which plants that naturally can grow at various places.

Sweden is divided in five major vegetation zones. Also known as the nemoral region, the southern deciduous forest zone is a part of a larger vegetation zone which also includes Denmark and large parts of Central Europe.

It has to a rather large degree become agricultural areas, but larger and smaller forests still exist. The region is characterised by a large wealth of trees and shrubs.

The beech are the most dominant tree, but oak can also form smaller forests. Other important trees and shrubs in this zone include hornbeam , elder , hazel , fly honeysuckle , linden lime , spindle , yew , alder buckthorn , blackthorn , aspen , European rowan , Swedish whitebeam , juniper , European holly , ivy , dogwood , goat willow , larch , bird cherry , wild cherry , maple , ash , alder along creeks, and in sandy soil birch compete with pine.

In the southern parts of this zone the coniferous species are found, mainly spruce and pine , mixed with various deciduous trees.

Birch grows largely everywhere. This is however not the case with oak and ash. The northern coniferous forest zone begins north of the natural boundary of the oak.

Of deciduous species the birch is the only one of significance. Pine and spruce are dominant, but the forests are slowly but surely more sparsely grown the farther towards the north it gets.

In the extreme north is it difficult to state the trees forms true forests at all, due to the large distances between the trees.

The alpine-birch zone, in the Scandinavian mountains, depending on both latitude and altitude, is an area where only a smaller kind of birch Betula pubescens or B.

Where this vegetation zone ends no trees grow at all: Sweden has four fundamental laws Swedish: Regeringsformen , the Act of Succession Swedish: Successionsordningen , the Freedom of the Press Act Swedish: The public sector in Sweden is divided into two parts: Kommunallagen passed by the Riksdag.

Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and King Carl XVI Gustaf is the head of state , but the role of the monarch is limited to ceremonial and representative functions.

Legislative power is vested in the unicameral Riksdag with members. General elections are held every four years, on the second Sunday of September.

Legislation may be initiated by the Government or by members of the Riksdag. Members are elected on the basis of proportional representation to a four-year term.

The internal workings of the Riksdag is, in addition to the Instrument of Government, regulated by the Riksdag Act Swedish: Regeringen operates as a collegial body with collective responsibility and consists of the Prime Minister — appointed and dismissed by the Speaker of the Riksdag following an actual vote in the Riksdag before an appointment can be made — and other cabinet ministers Swedish: Most of the State administrative authorities Swedish: A unique feature of Swedish State administration is that individual cabinet ministers do not bear any individual ministerial responsibility for the performance of the agencies within their portfolio; as the director-generals and other heads of government agencies reports directly to the Government as a whole; and individual ministers are prohibited to interfere; thus the origin of the pejorative in Swedish political parlance term ministerstyre English: The Judiciary is independent from the Riksdag, Government and other State administrative authorities.

The Swedish Social Democratic Party has played a leading role in Swedish politics since , after the Reformists had confirmed their strength and the left-wing revolutionaries formed their own party.

After , most governments have been dominated by the Social Democrats. Only five general elections since World War II— , , , and —have given the assembled bloc of centre-right parties enough seats in the Riksdag to form a government.

In the election, while the Greens lost their seats, two new parties gained seats for the first time: The election saw the return of the Greens and the demise of New Democracy.

It was not until elections in that an eighth party, the Sweden Democrats , gained Riksdag seats. In the elections to the European Parliament , parties who have failed to pass the Riksdag threshold have managed to gain representation at that venue: In the general election the Moderate Party formed the centre-right Alliance for Sweden bloc and won a majority of the Riksdag seats.

In the general election the Alliance contended against a unified left block consisting of the Social Democrats, the Greens and the Left Party.

Nevertheless, neither the Alliance, nor the left block, chose to form a coalition with the Sweden Democrats. The outcome of the general election resulted in the attainment of more seats by the three centre-left parties in comparison to the centre-right Alliance for Sweden, with the two blocs receiving and seats respectively.

Election turnout in Sweden has always been high by international comparison. Although it declined in recent decades, the latest elections saw an increase in voter turnout Sweden is a unitary state divided into 21 county councils landsting and municipalities kommuner.

County councils and municipalities have different roles and separate responsibilities relating to local government.

Health care, public transport and certain cultural institutions are administered by county councils. Preschools, primary and secondary schooling, public water utilities, garbage disposal, elderly care and rescue services are administered by the municipalities.

Gotland is a special case of being a county council with only one municipality and the functions of county council and municipality are performed by the same organisation.

Municipal and county council government in Sweden is similar to city commission and cabinet-style council government.

Both levels have legislative assemblies municipal councils and county council assemblies of between 31 and members always an uneven number that are elected from party-list proportional representation at the general election which are held every four years in conjunction with the national parliamentary elections.

These have no official political responsibilities but are traditional subdivisions of the Church of Sweden and still have some importance as census districts for census-taking and elections.

Each county administrative boards is led by a County Governor Swedish: The list of previous officeholders for the counties stretches back, in most cases, to when the counties were created by Lord High Chancellor Count Axel Oxenstierna.

The main responsibility of the County Administrative Board is to co-ordinate the development of the county in line with goals set by the Riksdag and Government.

There are older historical divisions, primarily the twenty-five provinces and three lands, which still retain cultural significance.

The actual age of the kingdom of Sweden is unknown. In the first case, Svealand was first mentioned as having one single ruler in the year 98 by Tacitus, but it is almost impossible to know for how long it had been this way.

These events are often described as the consolidation of Sweden , although substantial areas were conquered and incorporated later.

Earlier kings, for which no reliable historical sources exist, can be read about in mythical kings of Sweden and semi-legendary kings of Sweden.

Many of these kings are only mentioned in various saga and blend with Norse mythology. Up until the beginning of the s, all laws in Sweden were introduced with the words, "We, the king of Sweden, of the Goths and Wends".

This title was used up until The term riksdag was used for the first time in the s, although the first meeting where representatives of different social groups were called to discuss and determine affairs affecting the country as a whole took place as early as , in the town of Arboga.

As a reaction to the failed Great Northern War, a parliamentary system was introduced in , followed by three different flavours of constitutional monarchy in , and , the latter granting several civil liberties.

In Sweden became a constitutional monarchy with a bicameral parliament, with the First Chamber indirectly elected by local governments, and the Second Chamber directly elected in national elections every four years.

In the parliament became unicameral. Legislative power was symbolically shared between the King and the Riksdag until Swedish taxation is controlled by the Riksdag.

Sweden is currently leading the EU in statistics measuring equality in the political system and equality in the education system.

Some Swedish political figures have become known worldwide, among these are: The courts are divided into two parallel and separate systems: There are also a number of special courts, which will hear a narrower set of cases, as set down by legislation.

While independent in their rulings, some of these courts are operated as divisions within courts of the general or general administrative courts.

The Supreme Court of Sweden Swedish: Before a case can be decided by the Supreme Court, leave to appeal must be obtained, and with few exceptions, leave to appeal can be granted only when the case is of interest as a precedent.

The Supreme Court consists of 16 Justices Swedish: According to a victimisation survey of 1, residents in , Sweden has above-average crime rates compared to other EU countries.

Sweden has high or above-average levels of assaults, sexual assaults, hate crimes, and consumer fraud. Sweden has low levels of burglary, car theft and drug problems.

Bribe seeking is rare. A mid-November news report announced that four prisons in Sweden were closed during the year due to a significant drop in the number of inmates.

Throughout the 20th century, Swedish foreign policy was based on the principle of non-alignment in peacetime and neutrality in wartime. This has sometimes been disputed since in effect Sweden allowed in select cases the Nazi regime to use its railroad system to transport troops and goods, [57] [59] especially iron ore from mines in northern Sweden, which was vital to the German war machine.

During the early Cold War era, Sweden combined its policy of non-alignment and a low profile in international affairs with a security policy based on strong national defence.

Later investigations revealed that the plane was actually gathering information for NATO. Beginning in the late s, Sweden attempted to play a more significant and independent role in international relations.

It involved itself significantly in international peace efforts, especially through the United Nations, and in support to the Third World. On 27 October , a Whiskey-class submarine U from the Soviet Union ran aground close to the naval base at Karlskrona in the southern part of the country.

Research has never clearly established whether the submarine ended up on the shoals through a navigational mistake or if an enemy committed espionage against Swedish military potential.

The incident triggered a diplomatic crisis between Sweden and the Soviet Union. Following the assassination of Olof Palme and with the end of the Cold War, Sweden has adopted a more traditional foreign policy approach.

Nevertheless, the country remains active in peace keeping missions and maintains a considerable foreign aid budget.

The law is enforced in Sweden by several government entities. The Swedish police is a Government agency concerned with police matters.

The primary task of the agency is to train and deploy peace support forces abroad, while maintaining the long-term ability to refocus on the defence of Sweden in the event of war.

The armed forces are divided into Army , Air Force and Navy. Up to the King was pro forma Commander-in-Chief , but in reality it was clearly understood all through the 20th century that the Monarch would have no active role as a military leader.

Until the end of the Cold War, nearly all males reaching the age of military service were conscripted. In recent years, the number of conscripted males has shrunk dramatically, while the number of female volunteers has increased slightly.

Recruitment has generally shifted towards finding the most motivated recruits, rather than solely those otherwise most fit for service.

All soldiers serving abroad must by law be volunteers. In the total number of conscripts was 45, By it was down to 15, On 1 July Sweden stopped routine conscription, switching to an all volunteer force unless otherwise required for defence readiness.

The total forces gathered would consist of about 60, men. This could be compared with the s before the fall of the Soviet Union, when Sweden could gather up to 1,, men.

However, on 11 December , due to tensions in the Baltic area, the Swedish Government reintroduced one part of the Swedish conscription system, refresher training.

The first recruits will begin their training in As the law now is gender neutral, both men and women may have to service. Sweden is the sixteenth-richest country in the world in terms of GDP gross domestic product per capita and a high standard of living is experienced by its citizens.

Sweden is an export-oriented mixed economy. Timber, hydropower and iron ore constitute the resource base of an economy with a heavy emphasis on foreign trade.

Sweden is the ninth-largest arms exporter in the world. The country ranks among the highest for telephone and Internet access penetration.

Both the prominent role of collective bargaining and the way in which the high rate of coverage is achieved reflect the dominance of self-regulation regulation by the labour market parties themselves over state regulation in Swedish industrial relations.

In and around Stockholm and Scania, two of the more densely populated regions of Sweden, the income Gini coefficient is between 0.

In terms of structure, the Swedish economy is characterised by a large, knowledge-intensive and export-oriented manufacturing sector; an increasing, but comparatively small, business service sector ; and by international standards, a large public service sector.

Large organisations, both in manufacturing and services, dominate the Swedish economy. The Swedish government is seeking to reduce its costs through decreased sick leave hours and increased efficiency.

Total tax collected by Sweden as a percentage of its GDP peaked at Overall, GDP growth has been fast since reforms—especially those in manufacturing—were enacted in the early s.

Sweden is the fourth-most competitive economy in the world, according to the World Economic Forum in its Global Competitiveness Report — The book compiled an index to measure the kind of creativity it claims is most useful to business—talent, technology and tolerance.

Sweden maintains its own currency, the Swedish krona SEK , a result of the Swedes having rejected the euro in a referendum.

According to the Economic Survey of Sweden by the OECD, the average inflation in Sweden has been one of the lowest among European countries since the mids, largely because of deregulation and quick utilisation of globalisation.

Financial deregulation in the s impacted adversely on the property market, leading to a bubble and eventually a crash in the early s.

Commercial property prices fell by up to two thirds, resulting in two Swedish banks having to be taken over by the government. In the following two decades the property sector strengthened.

By , legislators, economists and the IMF were again warning of a bubble with residential property prices soaring and the level of personal mortgage debt expanding.

At the same time, the use of biofuels , peat etc. Sweden was a net importer of electricity by a margin of 6 TWh. Since then, electricity has been generated mostly from hydropower and nuclear power.

The use of nuclear power has been limited, however. Voters rejected right-hand traffic in , but after the Riksdag passed legislation in changeover took place on 3 September , known in Swedish as Dagen H.

The Stockholm metro is the only underground system in Sweden and serves the city of Stockholm via stations. The rail transport market is privatised, but while there are many privately owned enterprises, the largest operators are still owned by state.

The counties have financing, ticket and marketing responsibility for local trains. For other trains the operators handle tickets and marketing themselves.

Most of the railways are owned and operated by Trafikverket. A new tram line is set to open in Lund in The largest airports include Stockholm—Arlanda Airport The most used airport for a large part of Southern Sweden is Kastrup or Copenhagen Airport which is located only 12 minutes by train from the closest Swedish railway station, Hyllie.

Copenhagen Airport also is the largest international airport in Scandinavia and Finland. Sweden also has a number of car ferry connections to several neighbouring countries.

Trelleborg is the busiest ferry port in Sweden in terms of weight transported by lorry. There are over seventy departures a day each way; during peak times, a ferry departs every fifteen minutes.

Sweden has two domestic ferry lines with large vessels, both connecting Gotland with the mainland. Sweden has one of the most highly developed welfare states in the world.

A series of successive social reforms transformed the country into one of the most equal and developed on earth.

The consistent growth of the welfare state led to Swedes achieving unprecedented levels of social mobility and quality of life—to this day Sweden consistently ranks at the top of league tables for health, literacy and Human Development—far ahead of some wealthier countries for example the United States.

Sweden began slowing the expansion of the welfare state in the s, and even trimming it back. Sweden has recently been relatively quick to adopt neoliberal policies, such as privatization , financialization and deregulation , [] [] compared to countries such as France.

Also since the mids, Sweden has had the fastest growth in inequality of any developed nation, according to the OECD.

This has largely been attributed to the reduction in state benefits and a shift toward the privatisation of public services.

According to Barbro Sorman, an activist of the opposition Left Party, "The rich are getting richer, and the poor are getting poorer.

Sweden is starting to look like the USA. Sweden adopted free market agricultural policies in Since the s, the agricultural sector had been subject to price controls.

In June , the Riksdag voted for a new agricultural policy marking a significant shift away from price controls. As a result, food prices fell somewhat.

However, the liberalisations soon became moot because EU agricultural controls supervened. Since the late s, Sweden has had the highest tax quota as percentage of GDP in the industrialised world, although today the gap has narrowed and Denmark has surpassed Sweden as the most heavily taxed country among developed countries.

Certain items are subject to additional taxes, e. In [update] , total tax revenue was State and municipal employees total around a third of the workforce, much more than in most Western countries.

Spending on transfers is also high. In and , 69 per cent of the employed workers is organised in trade unions. Sweden has a relatively high amount of sick leave per worker in OECD: The unemployment rate was 7.

Previously, technical progress had mainly come from mainland Europe. Many of the companies founded by early pioneers still remain major international brands.

Alfred Nobel invented dynamite and instituted the Nobel Prizes. Lars Magnus Ericsson started the company bearing his name, Ericsson, still one of the largest telecom companies in the world.

The traditional engineering industry is still a major source of Swedish inventions, but pharmaceuticals, electronics and other high-tech industries are gaining ground.

Tetra Pak was an invention for storing liquid foods, invented by Erik Wallenberg. A large portion of the Swedish economy is to this day based on the export of technical inventions, and many large multinational corporations from Sweden have their origins in the ingenuity of Swedish inventors.

Swedish inventors held 47, patents in the United States in [update] , according to the United States Patent and Trademark Office. As a nation, only ten other countries hold more patents than Sweden.

Combined, the public and the private sector in Sweden allocate over 3. As a percentage of GDP, the Swedish government spends the most of any nation on research and development.

Both facilities have strong implications on material research. Every Swedish resident receives a state pension.

Swedish Pensions Agency is responsible for pensions. People who have worked in Sweden, but relocated to another country, can also receive the Swedish pension.

There are several types of pensions in Sweden: A person can receive a combination of the various types of pensions. The total resident population of Sweden was 10,, on 30 November The mountains and most of the remote coastal areas are almost unpopulated.

Between and , approximately 1. There are more than 4. There are no official statistics on ethnicity, but according to Statistics Sweden, around 3,, The official language of Sweden is Swedish, [7] [8] a North Germanic language, related and very similar to Danish and Norwegian , but differing in pronunciation and orthography.

Norwegians have little difficulty understanding Swedish, and Danes can also understand it, with slightly more difficulty than Norwegians.

The same goes for standard Swedish speakers, who find it far easier to understand Norwegian than Danish. The dialects spoken in Scania , the southernmost part of the country, are influenced by Danish because the region traditionally was a part of Denmark and is nowadays situated closely to it.

However, no official statistics are kept on language use. Along with Finnish, four other minority languages are also recognised: In varying degrees, depending largely on frequency of interaction with English, a majority of Swedes, especially those born after World War II, understand and speak English, owing to trade links, the popularity of overseas travel, a strong Anglo-American influence and the tradition of subtitling rather than dubbing foreign television shows and films, and the relative similarity of the two languages which makes learning English easier.

English became a compulsory subject for secondary school students studying natural sciences as early as , and has been a compulsory subject for all Swedish students since the late s.

Most students also study one and sometimes two additional languages. These include but are not limited to German, French and Spanish. Some Danish and Norwegian is at times also taught as part of Swedish courses for native speakers.

Because of the extensive mutual intelligibility between the three continental Scandinavian languages Swedish speakers often use their native language when visiting or living in Norway or Denmark.

With Christianisation in the 11th century, the laws of the country changed, forbidding worship of other deities until the late 19th century.

Adoption of Lutheranism was completed by the Uppsala Synod of , and it became the official religion. During the era following the Reformation, usually known as the period of Lutheran orthodoxy , small groups of non-Lutherans, especially Calvinist Dutchmen , the Moravian Church and French Huguenots played a significant role in trade and industry, and were quietly tolerated as long as they kept a low religious profile.

With religious liberalisations in the late 18th century believers of other faiths, including Judaism and Roman Catholicism , were allowed to live and work freely in the country.

However, until it remained illegal for Lutherans to convert to another religion. The 19th century saw the arrival of various evangelical free churches , and, towards the end of the century, secularism , leading many to distance themselves from church rituals.

Leaving the Church of Sweden became legal with the so-called dissenter law of , but only under the provision of entering another Christian denomination.

The right to stand outside any religious denomination was formally established in the Law on Freedom of religion in In , the Church of Sweden was disestablished.

Sweden was the second Nordic country to disestablish its state church after Finland did so in the Church Act of At the end of , Since , only children that are christened become members.

Some , Swedes are today members of various Evangelical Protestant free churches where congregation attendance is much higher , and due to recent immigration, there are now some , Eastern Orthodox Christians and 92, Roman Catholics living in Sweden.

The first Muslim congregation was established in , when a small contingent of Tatars migrated from Finland. Further immigration from North Africa and the Middle East have brought the estimated Muslim population to , According to the Eurobarometer Poll , [].

Sociology professor Phil Zuckerman claims that Swedes, despite a lack of belief in God, commonly question the term atheist , preferring to call themselves Christians while being content with remaining in the Church of Sweden.

Healthcare in Sweden is similar in quality to other developed nations. Sweden ranks in the top five countries with respect to low infant mortality.

It also ranks high in life expectancy and in safe drinking water. The health care is governed by the 21 landsting of Sweden and is mainly funded by taxes, with nominal fees for patients.

Children aged 1—5 years old are guaranteed a place in a public kindergarten Swedish: Between the ages of 6 and 16, children attend compulsory comprehensive school.

The school system is largely financed by taxes. The Swedish government treats public and independent schools equally [] by introducing education vouchers in as one of the first countries in the world after the Netherlands.

Anyone can establish a for-profit school and the municipality must pay new schools the same amount as municipal schools get. School lunch is free for all students in Sweden, and providing breakfast is also encouraged.

There are a number of different universities and colleges in Sweden , the oldest and largest of which are situated in Uppsala , Lund , Gothenburg and Stockholm.

The large influx of immigrants to Swedish schools has been cited as a significant part of the reason why Sweden has dropped more than any other European country in the international PISA rankings.

Immigration has been a major source of population growth and cultural change throughout much of the history of Sweden , and in recent centuries the country has been transformed from a nation of net emigration, ending after World War I, to a nation of net immigration, from World War II onwards.

The economic, social, and political aspects of immigration have caused controversy regarding ethnicity, economic benefits, jobs for non-immigrants, settlement patterns, impact on upward social mobility , crime, and voting behaviour.

There are no exact numbers on the ethnic background of migrants and their descendants in Sweden because the Swedish government does not base any statistics on ethnicity.

In addition, , persons were born in Sweden to two parents born abroad and another , persons had one parent born abroad with the other parent born in Sweden.

According to Eurostat , in , there were 1. Of these, , 9. In , immigration reached its highest level since records began, with , people emigrating to Sweden.

The ten largest groups of foreign-born persons in the Swedish civil registry in were from: The total immigration to Sweden for will be roughly people, and after that individuals every year.

In total seven Nobel Prizes in Literature have been awarded to Swedes. In the s—s, the filmmaker Ingmar Bergman and actors Greta Garbo and Ingrid Bergman became internationally noted people within cinema.

Throughout the s and s Sweden was seen as an international leader in what is now referred to as the " sexual revolution ", with gender equality having particularly been promoted.

The image of "hot love and cold people" emerged. Sexual liberalism was seen as part of modernisation process that by breaking down traditional borders would lead to the emancipation of natural forces and desires.

Since 1 May , Sweden repealed its "registered partnership" laws and fully replaced them with gender-neutral marriage , [] Sweden also offers domestic partnerships for both same-sex and opposite-sex couples.

Cohabitation sammanboende by couples of all ages, including teenagers as well as elderly couples, is widespread. Recently, Sweden is experiencing a baby boom.

Historical re-creations of Norse music have been attempted based on instruments found in Viking sites. The instruments used were the lur a sort of trumpet , simple string instruments, wooden flutes and drums.

Sweden has a significant folk-music scene. There is Sami music, called the joik , which is a type of chant which is part of the traditional Sami animistic spirituality.

Sweden also has a prominent choral music tradition. Out of a population of 9. In , with over million dollars in revenue, Sweden was the third-largest music exporter in the world and surpassed only by the US and the UK.

Sweden has also become known for a large number of heavy metal bands, including Bathory , Opeth , Amon Amarth and Ghost. The renowned neo-classical power metal guitarist Yngwie Malmsteen is also from Sweden.

In the mids, Martin came back with a more rock-tinged sound and produced major hits with artists such as Kelly Clarkson , Pink and Katy Perry.

Sweden is one of the most successful competing nations at the Eurovision Song Contest , with a total of six victories in the contest , , , , and , right behind Ireland who have seven wins.

In the Eurovision Song Contest each participating country submits an original song to be performed on live television and radio; however, no restriction on the nationality of the songwriter or the artist exists which has resulted in countries being represented by songwriters and artist who are not nationals of that country.

In recent years Swedish songwriters have been involved in the writing — entirely or partly — of entries from several countries in addition to Sweden.

For instance, in the edition of Eurovision Song Contest, Swedish songwriters and producers featured in 10 out of the 42 songs that qualified for the contest; in , the numbers were 7 songs out of the 39 songs in the contest; in , 7 songs out of 37 songs in the contest; in , 8 songs out of 40 songs in the contest; in , 12 songs out of 42 songs in the contest.

Sweden has a rather lively jazz scene. During the last sixty years or so it has attained a remarkably high artistic standard, stimulated by domestic as well as external influences and experiences.

Before the 13th century almost all buildings were made of timber, but a shift began towards stone. Early Swedish stone buildings are the Romanesque churches on the country side.

As so happens, many of them were built in Scania and are in effect Danish churches. The Skara Cathedral is of bricks from the 14th century, and the Uppsala Cathedral in the 15th.

Around Sweden was out of the Middle Ages and united under King Gustav Vasa, who immediately initiated grand mansions, castles and fortresses to be built.

Some of the more magnificent include the Kalmar fortress, the Gripsholm Castle and the one at Vadstena. In the next two centuries, Sweden was designated by Baroque architecture and later the rococo.

Notable projects from that time include the city Karlskrona, which has now also been declared a World Heritage Site and the Drottningholm Palace.

The style came to dominate in the following decades. Some notable projects of this kind were the Million Programme , offering affordable living in large apartment complexes.

Swedes are among the greatest consumers of newspapers in the world, and nearly every town is served by a local paper. The two largest evening tabloids are Aftonbladet social democratic and Expressen liberal.

The ad-financed, free international morning paper, Metro International , was founded in Stockholm, Sweden. The public broadcasting companies held a monopoly on radio and television for a long time in Sweden.

Licence funded radio broadcasts started in A second radio network was started in and a third opened in response to pirate radio stations.

Non-profit community radio was allowed in and in commercial local radio started. The licence-funded television service was officially launched in A second channel, TV2 , was launched in These two channels operated by Sveriges Television since the late s held a monopoly until the s when cable and satellite television became available.

The first Swedish language satellite service was TV3 which started broadcasting from London in In the government announced it would begin taking applications from private television companies wishing to broadcast on the terrestrial network.

TV4, which had previously been broadcasting via satellite, was granted a permit and began its terrestrial broadcasts in , becoming the first private channel to broadcast television content from within the country.

Around half the population are connected to cable television. Digital terrestrial television in Sweden started in and the last analogue terrestrial broadcasts were terminated in With the conversion of the land to Christianity around AD, Sweden entered the Middle Ages , during which monastic writers preferred to use Latin.

Therefore, there are only a few texts in the Old Swedish from that period. Swedish literature only flourished when the Swedish language was standardised in the 16th century, a standardisation largely due to the full translation of the Bible into Swedish in This translation is the so-called Gustav Vasa Bible.

With improved education and the freedom brought by secularisation , the 17th century saw several notable authors develop the Swedish language further.

Some key figures include Georg Stiernhielm 17th century , who was the first to write classical poetry in Swedish; Johan Henric Kellgren 18th century , the first to write fluent Swedish prose; Carl Michael Bellman late 18th century , the first writer of burlesque ballads; and August Strindberg late 19th century , a socio-realistic writer and playwright who won worldwide fame.

In recent decades, a handful of Swedish writers have established themselves internationally, including the detective novelist Henning Mankell and the writer of spy fiction Jan Guillou.

In , the second best-selling fiction author in the world was Stieg Larsson , whose Millennium series of crime novels is being published posthumously to critical acclaim.

Apart from traditional Protestant Christian holidays , Sweden also celebrates some unique holidays, some of a pre-Christian tradition.

The day of giver-of-light Saint Lucia , 13 December, is widely acknowledged in elaborate celebrations which betoken its Italian origin and commence the month-long Christmas season.

Furthermore, there are official flag day observances and a Namesdays in Sweden calendar. Swedish cuisine, like that of the other Scandinavian countries Denmark , Norway and Finland , was traditionally simple.

Fish particularly herring , meat, potatoes and dairy products played prominent roles. Akvavit is a popular alcoholic distilled beverage , and the drinking of snaps is of cultural importance.

The traditional flat and dry crisp bread has developed into several contemporary variants. Swedish traditional dishes, some of which are many hundreds of years old, others perhaps a century or less, are still a very important part of Swedish everyday meals, in spite of the fact that modern-day Swedish cuisine adopts many international dishes.

Swedes have been fairly prominent in the film area through the years. These companies, however, are composed largely of buyers who import fashionable goods from throughout Europe and America, continuing the trend of Swedish business toward multinational economic dependency like many of its neighbours.

Sport activities are a national movement with half of the population actively participating in organised sporting activities.

The two main spectator sports are football and ice hockey. Second to football, horse sports have the highest number of practitioners who are mostly women.

Three Crowns ; the national symbol of Sweden , is regarded as one of the best in the world. The team has won the World Championships nine times, placing them third in the all-time medal count.

Tre Kronor also won Olympic gold medals in and In , Tre Kronor became the first national hockey team to win both the Olympic and world championships in the same year.

The Swedish national football team has seen some success at the World Cup in the past, finishing second when they hosted the tournament in , and third twice, in and Due to its northerly latitude numerous world class winter sports athletes have come from Sweden.

The following are links to international rankings of Sweden from selected research institutes and foundations including economic output and various composite indices.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country. For other uses, see Sweden disambiguation.

For other uses of "Swedish" or the Swedish word "svensk a ", see Swedish disambiguation. Greater coat of arms. Du gamla, Du fria [b] Thou ancient, thou free.

Show map of Europe. The Swedish Sign Language also has a special status. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. This section possibly contains synthesis of material which does not verifiably mention or relate to the main topic.

Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. May Learn how and when to remove this template message. Modernization of Sweden and Swedish emigration to the United States.

History of Sweden —present. Counties of Sweden and Municipalities of Sweden. Subdivisions of Sweden and National Areas of Sweden.

Foreign relations of Sweden. Swedish Armed Forces and Law enforcement in Sweden. Nordic model and Social welfare in Sweden.

Social security in Sweden. Demographics of Sweden and Swedes. Largest cities or towns in Sweden "Kommungruppsindelning ". Swedish language and Languages of Sweden.

Public holidays in Sweden. Sweden portal Arctic portal. Royal Court of Sweden. Retrieved 22 December Retrieved 6 August Retrieved 22 January Retrieved 14 October United Nations Development Programme.

Retrieved 23 March Retrieved 10 November Retrieved 15 July Archived from the original on 6 February Retrieved 22 June Archived from the original on 17 March Retrieved 9 June Moreover, people born in Sweden may not be ethnic Swedes.

As the Swedish government does not base any statistics on ethnicity , there are no exact numbers on the ethnic background of migrants and their descendants in Sweden.

Retrieved 8 June Retrieved 10 June Retrieved 28 July Retrieved 27 August Archived from the original on 10 December Svensk etymologisk ordbok [ Swedish etymological dictionary ] in Swedish.

A History of the Vikings. Oxford University Press, University of Minnesota Press. The New Cambridge Medieval History. In the third-place match, Sweden played against a Bulgaria side that had lost to Italy in their semi-final match in New York City.

Sweden scored 4 goals in the first half, but the second half went goal-less. Sweden finished 3rd and won the bronze medal, the best placing for the national team in a World Cup since the silver medal.

After the World Cup in , Sweden had difficulty reaching up to the same level. The national team was knocked out in qualifying for the European Championships in England and the World Cup in France in The qualification for the Euro 96 had started with a win for Sweden 1—0 away against Iceland in September , but then lost against Switzerland away from home.

In November , Tomas Brolin broke his foot in a win against Hungary. In the spring of continued failure in the European Championship qualifiers.

Sweden lost the away games against Turkey and played 1—1 draw at home to Iceland. When Sweden drew 0—0 against Switzerland in Gothenburg in September , it was clear that the team would miss the European Championship finals.

The qualifying game for the France 98 was not better. In October , Austria won 1—0 in Stockholm and the month after the Swedes lost against Scotland on away ground.

Sweden qualified impressively for this tournament, winning all games except the away game against England 0—0 and conceding only one goal. The finals however, were a great disappointment.

Sweden lost their opening game against the host Belgium 1—2. Then Sweden played 0—0 against Turkey and lost 2—1 to Italy.

Sweden finished the group last behind Belgium with only 1 point. Italy finished first and Turkey second. The first match was against England.

Sol Campbell gave England the lead in the first half by heading in a left-side corner from David Beckham. The equalizing goal was scored by midfielder Niclas Alexandersson , a powerful left-foot shot from outside the box past David Seaman.

The match ended 1—1. In the next game, Sweden played Nigeria. Julius Aghahowa gave Nigeria the lead by heading in a cross from the right.

Sweden managed to equalize with a fine goal by Henrik Larsson. Later in the game, Larsson was fouled in the penalty area and Sweden were awarded with a penalty which Larsson himself put in the goal.

In the final group match, Sweden played Argentina, who needed to win after losing 0—1 to England in the previous game.

Sweden midfielder Anders Svensson scored a freekick goal from 30 meters. Andreas Andersson had a shot off the crossbar and out in an attempt to extend the lead.

Mattias Jonson committed a foul in the penalty area and Argentina was awarded a penalty. The goal was controversial because Crespo began running into the box at the same time as Ortega stepped up to shoot.

However, the match ended 1—1 and Sweden won the group, England on second place, Argentina third and Nigeria last.

In the round of 16, Sweden played Senegal. Henrik Larsson gave Sweden an early lead by heading in a corner from Anders Svensson.

Senegal equalized through Henri Camara. They also had a goal disallowed for offside. The game came to sudden death golden goal. Then Svensson made a great spin past a defender and hit the post with a powerful shot, which Sylva would have had no chance of saving, had it gone inside the posts.

Camara then took a weak shot which went past Hedman, off the post and into the goal. Consequently, Sweden were eliminated. Sweden came into the tournament in Portugal with low expectations.

But after a dazzling 5—0 win against Bulgaria they became one of the favorites. Henrik Larsson scored 2—0 and 3—0 in the second half. His first goal was done by a nice header after that he received a perfectly taken crossball by Erik Edman.

In the next game they were set up against Italy , who would prove themselves as a very hard opponent. After 36 minutes Antonio Cassano scored the first goal of the game for Italy after a cross by Christian Panucci.

A great game by Swedish goalkeeper Andreas Isaksson made Sweden survive the rest of the game and after 84 minutes Sweden finally managed to score a goal.

It was said before the game that if Sweden and Denmark played 2—2, Italy would be eliminated from the tournament. This is exactly what happened.

Denmark led the game by 2—1 for a long time. But at the end of the game, Mattias Jonson scored the equalizer after numerous rebounds.

Italy was eliminated and both Denmark and Sweden was qualified for the quarter-finals. In the quarter-finals, Sweden had to face Holland. The game became goalless after full-time, but not without a lot of chances.

The closest Sweden came to scoring was through Fredrik Ljungberg but he hit the post with a well taken shot. But the game ended goalless in normal time and went to a penalty shootout.

Sweden was eliminated and Holland was through to the next round. Sweden competed in Group B at the World Cup. Their squad for the tournament featured players who played club football in eleven different nations.

Sweden started the World Cup slowly, recording a goal-less draw against unheralded Trinidad and Tobago , despite playing with a one-man advantage for most of the game.

The second game, against Paraguay , looked to be another goal-less draw until Fredrik Ljungberg scored in the 89th minute to give Sweden a 1—0 victory.

Sweden finished second in Group F behind Spain , thus qualifying for the finals. Their next game was against Spain, who they played in qualifying.

The game looked like a draw until a 92nd-minute strike from David Villa , which put the Spaniards ahead. In the final group match, the Swedes went on to lose 2—0 to the Russians, eliminating them from the tournament.

In the first game in Tirana , they were only able to tie 0—0 with an Albanian side that they were expected to defeat easily. They would go on to tie with Portugal twice, both in Stockholm and in Porto.

Both games ended 0—0. Sweden would lose to Denmark on home ground with an early strike from Thomas Kahlenberg after a defensive mistake.

Sweden had defeated Denmark, 3—0, 2 years earlier. Sweden recovered with a 4—0 hammering of Malta. Against Hungary and Malta, both of the winning goals for Sweden were scored late.

Meanwhile, Portugal defeated Hungary, 3—0, putting the Portuguese team ahead in the standings. After the battle against Moldova Sweden beat their neighbor Finland with 5—0.

The Swedish team then proceeded to beat Finland with 2—1 and in the final game beat the Netherlands with 3—2 to end their streak of 17 consecutive qualification-game wins.

In their Euro opening match Sweden lost against host nation Ukraine with 2—1. A notable result during group play was their match in Germany on 16 October where they fought back from 4—0 down with 30 minutes remaining to draw the game 4—4 at the Olympiastadion , and was widely regarded as one of the most memorable comebacks in the history.

Using the October FIFA World Rankings , Sweden was ranked 25th overall and would face one of the four highest ranked teams in the second round of qualification.

They were drawn to face Portugal , the team that beat Sweden for a qualification spot in the World Cup qualifiers. After a 1—0 loss in Lisbon and a 3—2 loss in Solna , Portugal won 4—2 on aggregate and Sweden once again failed to qualify for the World Cup.

This caused Sweden to move down to third place in their group, just one point above fourth-placed Montenegro. Sweden then bounced back to win their final two group games against Liechtenstein and Moldova with the scoreline being 2—0 on both occasions.

They finished their group in third position behind Austria and Russia and qualified for the playoffs. They were, however, eliminated from the group stage, losing to Italy and Belgium, drawing with the Republic of Ireland and scoring no goals of their own their only goal was an own goal by Ciaran Clark.

The team scored six wins, a draw and three losses. As a result, they tied with the Netherlands in points, and claimed second place on goal difference.

On 13 November , Sweden qualified for the World Cup after a 0—0 draw away to Italy at the San Siro during the second leg of their qualification play-off match.

As Sweden had won the first match 1—0, this resulted in a Swedish win on aggregate, making their return to the World Cup for the first time in 12 years.

At the World Cup, Sweden started its campaign by a 1—0 win over South Korea in the first match on 18 June, through a penalty goal decided by the new VAR technology.

On 3 July , Sweden played Switzerland in the round of 16, beating them , and advancing to the quarter finals for the first time since Sweden were drawn with Turkey and Russia in the League B.

Sweden started their campaign on 10 September with a 2—3 defeat against Turkey in Solna. A month later, Sweden earned a point in a 0—0 draw against Russia in Kaliningrad.

Sweden later beat Turkey 0—1 in Konya and had a 2—0 victory over Russia in Solna, earning them promotion to League A and a guaranteed play-off spot for the UEFA Euro , should they do not qualify directly via the regular qualifier.

In the FIFA World Cup in Germany, Sweden had one of the largest group of supporters during a tournament, especially during the group stage match against Paraguay with around 50, Swedish supporters in attendance, plus an additional 50, fans watching the game outside the stadium.

The Swedish fans were also voted the best fans during the World Cup, due to their massive numbers, friendly attitude and love for the game.

The countries have played against each other times, of which Sweden have won 47, drawn 20 and lost The first match between the teams was an 8—0 Denmark win in May Sweden lost their first five matches against Denmark before their first win in October by the score 4—0.

Both teams advanced from the group stage and Denmark went on to win the tournament. In UEFA Euro the teams drew 2—2 in the last group stage match, ensuring that both teams advanced at the expense of Italy.

In the qualification for UEFA Euro , Sweden were awarded a 3—0 win away against Denmark after a Danish fan invaded the pitch and attacked the referee.

The reverse fixture ended in a goalless draw and Sweden qualified for the final tournament. In the play-offs round of the qualification for UEFA Euro , Sweden defeated Denmark by 4—3 on aggregate to qualify for the final tournament.

The most recent match between the countries was a goalless draw in June The stadium was expanded during , to a capacity of 40, people. Ullevi in Gothenburg is used for some games which Sweden plays, such as the centennial game of the Swedish football association, against England in Football at the Summer Olympics was first played officially in The Olympiads between and were only open for amateur players.

After the Olympics, the football event was changed into a tournament for U23 teams with a maximum of three older players. See Sweden national under football team for competition record from until present day.

The following 20 players were called up for the friendly matches against Finland on 8 January and against Iceland on 11 January Caps and goals updated as of 11 January after the match against Iceland.

The following 39 players have also been called up to the Sweden squad within the last twelve months. Age-related records of the Swedish national football team.

Note that only players who started the match as captain are included in the statistics. The order for this list is by most appearances as captain, then chronological order of first captaincy.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Zayed Sports City Stadium Referee: Stadionul Ion Oblemenco Attendance: Svein Oddvar Moen Norway.

Nizhny Novgorod Stadium Attendance: Joel Aguilar El Salvador. Fisht Olympic Stadium Attendance: Al Sadd Sports Club Attendance: Khalifa International Stadium Attendance: List of Sweden international footballers.

Sweden national football team manager. List of Sweden national football team captains. Association football portal Sweden portal. Retrieved 20 December Retrieved 29 January Retrieved 3 July Erik Hamren laments Swedish loss".

Sweden fightback stuns Germany". Retrieved 19 June Retrieved 25 June

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